CentOS 8에 Python 3.8 설치(AppStream)

CentOS 8에 Python 3.8 설치(AppStream)

2022-10-04 last update

9 minutes reading centos8 appstream 파이썬

소개



Application Stream (AppStream)을 사용하여 CentOS8에 Python 3.8 설치
참고 : RHEL8 패키지 구성 - BaseOS 및 Application Stream - 적모 엔지니어 블로그
    기본 시스템 설정 구성 Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8 | Red Hat Customer Portal

지원



본 방법으로 도입한 경우, Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8 Application Streams Life Cycle - Red Hat Customer Portal 보다, 2023-05가 EOL이라고 생각된다.
그 이후에 보고된 취약성이나 결함에 대한 대응은 실시되지 않을 가능성이 있다.
덧붙여 CentOS Linux 8가 2021-12에 EOL을 맞이하기 때문에, 그 이후의 갱신을 받기 위해서는 CentOS Stream8을 포함한 다른 디스트리뷰션으로의 이행이 필요.

LOG



설치


# cat /etc/redhat-release
CentOS Linux release 8.2.2004 (Core)

# yum install -y python38
... 略

각종 확인


# which python{,2,3}
which: no python in (/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin)
which: no python2 in (/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin)
/usr/bin/python3

# ls -al /usr/bin/python*
lrwxrwxrwx. 1 root root   25 Jun 16 10:18 /usr/bin/python3 -> /etc/alternatives/python3
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 7656 May  7 02:54 /usr/bin/python3.8

# python3 -V
Python 3.8.0

# yum module info python38
Last metadata expiration check: 0:04:39 ago on Tue 16 Jun 2020 10:14:42 AM UTC.
Name             : python38
Stream           : 3.8 [d][e][a]
Version          : 8020020200507003655
Context          : bbc63041
Architecture     : x86_64
Profiles         : build, common [d]
Default profiles : common
Repo             : AppStream
Summary          : Python programming language, version 3.8
Description      : This module gives users access to the internal Python 3.8 in RHEL8, as
                 : well as provides some additional Python packages the users might need.
                 : In addition to these you can install any python3-* package available
                 : in RHEL and use it with Python from this module.
Requires         : platform:[el8]
Artifacts        : Cython-0:0.29.14-4.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.src
                 : PyYAML-0:5.1.2-6.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.src
                 : babel-0:2.7.0-10.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.src
                 : mod_wsgi-0:4.6.8-3.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.src
                 : numpy-0:1.17.3-5.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.src
                 : python-PyMySQL-0:0.9.3-3.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.src
                 : python-asn1crypto-0:1.2.0-3.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.src
                 : python-cffi-0:1.13.2-3.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.src
                 : python-chardet-0:3.0.4-19.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.src
                 : python-cryptography-0:2.8-3.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.src
                 : python-idna-0:2.8-6.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.src
                 : python-jinja2-0:2.10.3-4.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.src
                 : python-lxml-0:4.4.1-4.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.src
                 : python-markupsafe-0:1.1.1-6.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.src
                 : python-ply-0:3.11-8.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.src
                 : python-psutil-0:5.6.4-3.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.src
                 : python-psycopg2-0:2.8.4-4.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.src
                 : python-pycparser-0:2.19-3.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.src
                 : python-pysocks-0:1.7.1-4.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.src
                 : python-requests-0:2.22.0-9.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.src
                 : python-six-0:1.12.0-9.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.src
                 : python-urllib3-0:1.25.7-4.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.src
                 : python-wheel-0:0.33.6-5.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.src
                 : python38-0:3.8.0-6.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.src
                 : python38-0:3.8.0-6.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.x86_64
                 : python38-Cython-0:0.29.14-4.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.x86_64
                 : python38-Cython-debuginfo-0:0.29.14-4.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.x86_64
                 : python38-PyMySQL-0:0.9.3-3.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.noarch
                 : python38-asn1crypto-0:1.2.0-3.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.noarch
                 : python38-babel-0:2.7.0-10.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.noarch
                 : python38-cffi-0:1.13.2-3.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.x86_64
                 : python38-cffi-debuginfo-0:1.13.2-3.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.x86_64
                 : python38-chardet-0:3.0.4-19.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.noarch
                 : python38-cryptography-0:2.8-3.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.x86_64
                 : python38-cryptography-debuginfo-0:2.8-3.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.x86_64
                 : python38-debug-0:3.8.0-6.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.x86_64
                 : python38-debuginfo-0:3.8.0-6.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.x86_64
                 : python38-debugsource-0:3.8.0-6.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.x86_64
                 : python38-devel-0:3.8.0-6.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.x86_64
                 : python38-idle-0:3.8.0-6.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.x86_64
                 : python38-idna-0:2.8-6.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.noarch
                 : python38-jinja2-0:2.10.3-4.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.noarch
                 : python38-libs-0:3.8.0-6.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.x86_64
                 : python38-lxml-0:4.4.1-4.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.x86_64
                 : python38-lxml-debuginfo-0:4.4.1-4.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.x86_64
                 : python38-markupsafe-0:1.1.1-6.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.x86_64
                 : python38-markupsafe-debuginfo-0:1.1.1-6.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.x86_64
                 : python38-mod_wsgi-0:4.6.8-3.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.x86_64
                 : python38-numpy-0:1.17.3-5.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.x86_64
                 : python38-numpy-debuginfo-0:1.17.3-5.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.x86_64
                 : python38-numpy-doc-0:1.17.3-5.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.noarch
                 : python38-numpy-f2py-0:1.17.3-5.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.x86_64
                 : python38-pip-0:19.2.3-5.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.noarch
                 : python38-pip-wheel-0:19.2.3-5.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.noarch
                 : python38-ply-0:3.11-8.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.noarch
                 : python38-psutil-0:5.6.4-3.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.x86_64
                 : python38-psutil-debuginfo-0:5.6.4-3.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.x86_64
                 : python38-psycopg2-0:2.8.4-4.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.x86_64
                 : python38-psycopg2-debuginfo-0:2.8.4-4.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.x86_64
                 : python38-psycopg2-doc-0:2.8.4-4.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.x86_64
                 : python38-psycopg2-tests-0:2.8.4-4.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.x86_64
                 : python38-pycparser-0:2.19-3.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.noarch
                 : python38-pysocks-0:1.7.1-4.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.noarch
                 : python38-pytz-0:2019.3-3.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.noarch
                 : python38-pyyaml-0:5.1.2-6.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.x86_64
                 : python38-pyyaml-debuginfo-0:5.1.2-6.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.x86_64
                 : python38-requests-0:2.22.0-9.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.noarch
                 : python38-rpm-macros-0:3.8.0-6.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.noarch
                 : python38-scipy-0:1.3.1-4.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.x86_64
                 : python38-scipy-debuginfo-0:1.3.1-4.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.x86_64
                 : python38-setuptools-0:41.6.0-4.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.noarch
                 : python38-setuptools-wheel-0:41.6.0-4.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.noarch
                 : python38-six-0:1.12.0-9.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.noarch
                 : python38-test-0:3.8.0-6.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.x86_64
                 : python38-tkinter-0:3.8.0-6.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.x86_64
                 : python38-urllib3-0:1.25.7-4.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.noarch
                 : python38-wheel-0:0.33.6-5.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.noarch
                 : python38-wheel-wheel-0:0.33.6-5.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.noarch
                 : python3x-pip-0:19.2.3-5.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.src
                 : python3x-setuptools-0:41.6.0-4.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.src
                 : pytz-0:2019.3-3.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.src
                 : scipy-0:1.3.1-4.module_el8.2.0+317+61fa6e7d.src

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