CentOS 7에 Nginx mainline 최신 버전 설치 (공식 repository)

CentOS 7에 Nginx mainline 최신 버전 설치 (공식 repository)

2022-10-05 last update

6 minutes reading nginx centos7

소개



공식 repository를 사용하여 CentOS7에 Nginx mainline 최신 버전 설치
상위 기사 : Nginx의 다양한 설치 방법과 EOL 요약
참고 : nginx: Linux packages

지원



이 방법으로 도입했을 경우, nginx의 개발이 정지할 때까지 서포트된다고 생각된다.
특정 버전을 지정하지 않으면 mainline 최신 버전이 항상 제공되는 것으로 보입니다.

LOG



리포지토리 등록


# vi /etc/yum.repos.d/nginx.repo

/etc/yum.repos.d/nginx.repo
[nginx-stable]
name=nginx stable repo
baseurl=http://nginx.org/packages/centos/$releasever/$basearch/
gpgcheck=1
enabled=0
gpgkey=https://nginx.org/keys/nginx_signing.key

[nginx-mainline]
name=nginx mainline repo
baseurl=http://nginx.org/packages/mainline/centos/$releasever/$basearch/
gpgcheck=1
enabled=1
gpgkey=https://nginx.org/keys/nginx_signing.key

설치


# cat /etc/redhat-release
CentOS Linux release 7.6.1810 (Core)

# yum install -y nginx which
... 略

nginx 시작/중지


# systemctl start nginx
# systemctl status -l nginx
● nginx.service - nginx - high performance web server
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/nginx.service; disabled; vendor preset: disabled)
   Active: active (running) since Mon 2019-10-14 14:43:18 UTC; 5s ago
     Docs: http://nginx.org/en/docs/
  Process: 209 ExecStart=/usr/sbin/nginx -c /etc/nginx/nginx.conf (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
 Main PID: 210 (nginx)
   CGroup: /docker/3958968fa78fc4022e085070a496f6c485f439fd4b9677c28706f5a9dcf50d47/system.slice/nginx.service
           tq210 nginx: master process /usr/sbin/nginx -c /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
           mq211 nginx: worker process
           ? 210 nginx: master process /usr/sbin/nginx -c /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

Oct 14 14:43:18 3958968fa78f systemd[1]: Starting nginx - high performance web server...
Oct 14 14:43:18 3958968fa78f systemd[1]: PID file /var/run/nginx.pid not readable (yet?) after start.
Oct 14 14:43:18 3958968fa78f systemd[1]: Started nginx - high performance web server.
# systemctl stop nginx
# systemctl status -l nginx
● nginx.service - nginx - high performance web server
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/nginx.service; disabled; vendor preset: disabled)
   Active: inactive (dead)
     Docs: http://nginx.org/en/docs/

Oct 14 14:43:18 3958968fa78f systemd[1]: Starting nginx - high performance web server...
Oct 14 14:43:18 3958968fa78f systemd[1]: PID file /var/run/nginx.pid not readable (yet?) after start.
Oct 14 14:43:18 3958968fa78f systemd[1]: Started nginx - high performance web server.
Oct 14 14:44:44 3958968fa78f systemd[1]: Stopping nginx - high performance web server...
Oct 14 14:44:44 3958968fa78f systemd[1]: Stopped nginx - high performance web server.

nginx 자동 시작 설정/설정 해제


# systemctl enable nginx
Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/nginx.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/nginx.service.

# systemctl list-unit-files --type=service |grep nginx
nginx-debug.service                    disabled
nginx.service                          enabled
# systemctl disable nginx
Removed symlink /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/nginx.service.

# systemctl list-unit-files --type=service |grep nginx
nginx-debug.service                    disabled
nginx.service                          disabled

각종 확인


# which nginx
/usr/sbin/nginx

# nginx -v
nginx version: nginx/1.17.4

# yum info nginx
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, ovl
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: ftp.riken.jp
 * extras: ftp.riken.jp
 * updates: ftp.riken.jp
Installed Packages
Name        : nginx
Arch        : x86_64
Epoch       : 1
Version     : 1.17.4
Release     : 1.el7.ngx
Size        : 2.7 M
Repo        : installed
From repo   : nginx-mainline
Summary     : High performance web server
URL         : http://nginx.org/
License     : 2-clause BSD-like license
Description : nginx [engine x] is an HTTP and reverse proxy server, as well as
            : a mail proxy server.